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Source Specific Quantification and Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste: a Review


An interesting article for waste compositions and densities in different countries by Gawaikar and Deshpande. Municipal agencies manage municipal solid wastes from urban areas with the objectives of providing good sanitation facilities as also protecting public health. Estimation of resource requirement for collection, transportation, processing and disposal requires correct assessment of quantity of waste generated per day from different sources and their characteristics. However, it is done arbitrarily merely on number of trips of vehicles basis and without knowing characteristics. As a result, the solid waste management system is not operated satisfactorily. In view of this, source specific quantification and characterization of municipal solid waste assumes great significance which will enable accurate assessment of waste load and it would be easier for proper planning of solid waste management system. This would help in achieving the objectives of proper utilization of available resources and protection of environment and public health. The present paper highlights the importance of source specific quantification and characterization of municipal solid waste. A critical review of earlier work done at various places has been made and salient features of the same have been presented in this paper.