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Home Waste aspects Financial and economic aspects ISWM Case Study: Municipality of Elefsina, Attica, Greece

ISWM Case Study: Municipality of Elefsina, Attica, Greece


The case of Elefsina Municipality: An example of ISWM in practise!

Located in the north-west coast of Attica, in Greece and with a population of approximately 300.000 inhabitants, Elefsina is one of the most active municipalities in the country in terms of its solid waste management practices. This page will take you through the ISWM concept by using Elefsina practices as an example.

1. The stakeholders:

 

2. The System Elements:

 

3. The System Aspects:

Financial: The financial benefits for the municipality are eminent. There is a significance reduction in disposal costs.  The cost of for disposal was in the past €150/tonne and today is €100/tonne. Every year the municipal savings are estimated at €300,000 (Mayor of Elefsina 2009).

The municipality has also initiated this year, a pilot program with 1.500 households, with the title of HEC-PAYT, under the EU ‘Umbrella’ Program LIFE (LIFE07/ENV GR/000271). The Pay As You Throw program will aim at defining for the first time a prototype of reduced municipal fees, when the citizens will present reduced production of household waste and they recycle.

Environmental: In an industrialized city like Elefsina, the importance of the environment is undoubted. The efforts of the Mayor and the citizens resulted in considerable reduction in CO2 emissions, both from alternative treating waste as well as saving natural resources. Calculations show that approximately 44,000tons of  CO2 equiv have been saved due to the implementation of sound solid waste management practices in the region (Mayor of Elefsina, 2009).

Socio-cultural: A series of issues related to socio-cultural factors had to be tackled all along the process of implementing new systems. The following are the most representative.

  • Citizens aversion to change or simply carelessness.
  • The mentality  that somebody else is going to clean up the mess.
  • Disagreements on priorities for municipal expenditures. 
  • For reducing food waste the challenges are cultural cause eating and especially eating good food is a national hobby!
  • The presence of informal sector gympies called ‘Tsigani’. Their integration to the waste management system is challenging but through educational programs the municipality is trying to integrate them. They are exposed to vocational trainings on recycling of glass, metal, plastic and paper.

Institutional:  The following diagram shows the influences the municipality has from institutions at a higher policy level. However, the role of structuring and planning a Municipal Solid Waste strategy plan is completely carried out by the municipality.

Apart from the public institutions there are also private institutions that provide alternative waste management recycling and recovery solutions either in the form of private-public partnerships or only private. They are organized in different schemes.

Founded by industrial and commercial enterprises which, either supply packaged products to the Greek market, or manufacture different packaging items. The Central Union of Municipalities & Communities in Greece (KEDKE) has a shareholding of 35% in the System’s share capital. Following an example of institutions participation for the case of alternative management of lubricants' packaging.

 

Political/ Legal:    The following diagram shows the influences the municipality has from institutions at a higher policy level.However, the role of structuring and planning a Municipal Solid Waste strategy plan is completely carried out by the municipality. An important aspect that can influence, help or even hinder the waste practices at a municipal level is the legal aspect, represented by the number of laws and provisions applied. A considerable amount of European, national and regional laws have been put in place from all the institutional layers mentioned above.For packaging waste the National Law 2939/01 based on the EU Directive 94/62/EK sets the target that by no later than the five years from the date by which the directive must be implemented in national law, between 50% as a minimum and 65% as a maximum by weight of the packaging waste wil be recovered. For construction and demolition waste here is a local provision for example that states that illegal disposal of this type is fined with €1000 in the municipality of Elefsina.