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Home Waste elements Recovery Determinants of Sustainability in Solid Waste Management: The Case of Gianyar Waste Recovery Project, Indonesia

Determinants of Sustainability in Solid Waste Management: The Case of Gianyar Waste Recovery Project, Indonesia


Decision-makers in developing countries are desperate for learning from “success cases in solid waste
management” in order to translate and implement such experiences. Today experts agree that integrated and sustainable solid waste management goes beyond the technical aspects and many “domains” of sustainability need to be taken into account to enhance the success of each solid waste project. Drivers of success or failure can be linked to:

  • Issues of social mobilisation and acceptance (social domain),
  • Stakeholder, legal and institutional arrangements comprising roles, responsibilities,and management functions (institutional domain);
  • Investment and operational financial requirements and cost recovery mechanisms (economic domain).

The case of the Gianyar waste recovery project in Bali, Indonesia was analysed using an integrated framework. The project processes 60 tons of municipal waste per day from 500’000 people and comprises manual waste sorting step and composting of the organic biodegradable fraction.